( [EBOOK] Race After Technology ) ´ Ruha Benjamin – alphabetpreschool.co.uk
download ´ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ¼ Ruha BenjaminNy ways though there s still a kind of willful ignorance of professed technologists to admit those relations exist at all i personally Ngôi nhà xưa found this book to be a very solid synthesis of scholarship and research that touches on concepts of race and technology Benjamin brings together a variety of discrete research into a bigger high level view that is very illuminatingthe book gains steam toward the end i did wish that the design chapter had been built out because itelt like that discussion was what the rest of the chapters were laying the Firing Schedules for Glass - The Kiln Companion foundationor i wanted to see that plane Adam and the Ants fly a bit after the laying down of such a comprehensive runwaywhile i appreciated the nods toward other marginalizations throughout the text in terms of impact designed and unplanned externalities i did think that the treatment of ableism in particular could have been robust i would have liked to see reference to Vilissa Thompson s work especially disabilitytoowhite as a tech platform discussion and a conversation on visibility distinctrom surveillanceoverall though very solid contribution to this area of study highly recommended A Les Carnets de Cerise T3 - Le Dernier des cinq trsors fellow book club member expressed theirrustration because this book did not give any solutions The solutions are there they are just not uick and "easy To technologists this may sound like a real crisis because uick cheap and objective have been the value proposition of "To technologists this may sound like a real crisis because uick cheap and objective have been the value proposition of
After decades of internalizing the idea that tech can only make the world better can technologists admit that their work looksdecades of internalizing the idea that tech can only make the world better can technologists admit that their work looks like innovation and like techno status uoRuha Benjamin uses the methods of critical race theory and science and technology studies to produce a thin analysis and she justifies the thinness as an acceptance of Return to Doomstar (Doomstar 2) fragility An example of this would be her reliance on speculativeiction to explain the anxieties around killer robots and how race has been erased Language - A Student Handbook on Key Topics and Theories from the white male dominated scii world while often describing the realities of life Blind Sided for Black Latinx or other marginalized groupsInour chapters she describes how technology causes racial harm provides the historical context has enabled that harm and how tech endangers vulnerable groups while claiming to benefit them She also highlights tech products such as Appolition as examples of technology that is designed with a purpose that IGNITING THE FIRE (The Crow Academy Book 1) factors in the socioeconomic reality that people live in Appolition allows people to donate towards bailunds but intentionally avoids injecting money into the bloated carceral system Once a case is complete money is returned to the depositor and continuously recycled to help individuals Contrast this with Promise an app that called itself a decarceration startup but was in the business of e carceration Promise worked with the carceral system to make it cheaper to track and monitor people perhaps with the notion that an ankle bracelet is a humane alternative But is it humane if the impact is that the extra efficiency is used to track people In the Moobli final chapter she describes and evaluates strategies used by activistsighting that harm Ruha Benjamin s solution asks that we dismantle the master narrative of tech and the subplot that that technology is loyal to the master She urges technologists to employ the tools of narrative intentionally in the process of tech design An example being a machine learning algorithm used to predict where white collar crime would occur Midtown Manhattan and likely the neighborhood where The Secret Art of Great Conversation financeolks live in your city is going to show up You don t need ML to tell you that What then do predictive policing algorithms do Benjamin has written a whole book about it and I d recommenced this book if a lot of what I m saying sounds new July 2020 would def recommend to someone looking Comic Print and Theatre in Early Modern Amsterdam for a 101 on current racetechnology issues but those who ve read might already beamiliar with the theories and examples presented i especially resonated with benjamin s Digital Trust framing of race as technology one of many method bureaucrats devised to clean cluster and control population data. Inating guide provides conceptual toolsor decoding tech promises with sociologically informed skepticism In doing so it challenges us to uestion not only the technologies we are sold but also the ones we ourselves manufacture If you adopt this book or classroom use in the 2019 2020 academic year the author would be pleased to arrange to Skype to a session of your class If interested enter your details in this sign up sheet https buffly2wJsv. Ularly ocused on here though is what "the author calls the Jim Code technology that systematically discriminates against black people and often simply because "author calls the Jim Code technology that systematically discriminates against black people and often simply because black person was involved in developing the code in the On My Knees (Stark International Trilogy, first place One of the problems is that social stereotypes are often painfully effective not justor structuring the thinking of those who design these little technological worlds as they respond to the simplified world and needs of the cultural other but these social stereotypes are insidious in that they also define the limits of what people of colour are likely to think about themselves and the options available to them We generally assume that the world is objective and that the world itself does not discriminate However we orget that much of the world that we inhabit has been made by humans Walter Benjamin implies this in his Arcades Project where shopping arcades in Paris effectively the irst shopping malls were created to show us a world that might be if we were to buy the items on display His point was that what was really on display was a style of life rather than individual items and you were meant to place yourself inside the tableau on offer Technology similarly creates worlds and those worlds are even man made than the arcades Benjamin described While the arcades of Paris still needed to obey the laws of nature the worlds within computer technology has no such bounds But those worlds are still constrained by the prejudices and stereotypes that structure our society and culture Without understanding how apparently common sense rules systematically disadvantage certain groups of people we are likely to build systems that normalise that disadvantageThis book provides too many examples of how this process occurs One of the things I have been thinking a this process occurs One of the things I have been thinking a about lately is whether or not noticing this is actually enough This book plays with ideas around how constructed worlds reinforce white supremacist world views They do this because those ideas have a history and an inertia in our societies that is mostly unseen until it is explicitly looked The Three Elizabeths for But if it is unseen this certainly does not make it innocuous What is not noticed is taken to be normal Again we are back to needing to notice but I suspect that even when we do notice how the world has been rigged against certain people this isn t enough to change things because what needs to change isn t just inside our heads but also built into the veryabric of the societies we inhabit into the Jim Code of our technology I don t mean this to bring the pessimistic conclusion that nothing can change but rather that The Hate U Give for change to be possible we need to know just how large an enemy we areacing The internal workings of our ellow citizens are merely one aspect of that enemy a world constructed to
*systematically benefit one group over others won t change merely with a *benefit one group over others won t change merely with a in people s minds Rather change reuires changed behaviours not merely changed opinions This book expanded my understanding of technology as it relates to race I ll talk about one uote but it s one of many highlights something that irks me about conversations regarding naming trends is how distinctly African American names are set apart as comically made up This is similar to a point that came up this past summer academic papers reuently point to Ebonics as the special Sheet Metal Shop Practice failure case of language models While this isn t comical it tokenizes the dialect and treats it as an exception to a normal way of speaking I ve also been thinking about this in terms of how Indian customs are portrayed as restrictive and made up I am talking about Indian Matchmaking I don t love treating the religionstraditions around astrology and arranged marriage as a source of entertainmentfeels disrespectful to profit off of the exoticism of something that really isn t that exotic 45 but i m rounding up because this kind of scholarship is still so necessaryan incisive examination of differentacets of race and technology which intersect and overlap and reflect in so ma. Senting the concept of the New Jim Code she shows how a range of discriminatory designs encode ineuity by explicitly amplifying racial hierarchies; by ignoring but thereby replicating social divisions; or by aiming to Cait and the Devil fix racial bias but ultimately doing uite the opposite Moreover she makes a compelling caseor race itself as a kind of technology designed to stratify and sanctify social injustice in the architecture of everyday lifeThis illum. I m a bit obsessed with books like this Here we get the intersection of racial stereotypes the all too human created worlds of technology the double psychology of the oppressed as Du Bois would say and the strange mirror world of apparently objective truth based on what we take to be the best of human rationality Humans are rarely terrifying when they believe they have created a air and rational world And when that world "has been almost exclusively created by white males what is presented "been almost exclusively created by white males what is presented rational common sense and the best of all possible worlds takes a remarkable effort to overcome The act that this constructed world systematically disadvantages people of colour or women is often attributed to the Biggles In The Antarctic failings of the people itails rather than having anything to do with the system itself The author runs through some examples of when technology has been you know a little bit racist An interesting example is a soap dispenser that simply wouldn t
recognise non white hands And we are reminded of the Googlenon white hands And we are reminded of the Google incident where black people were identified by artificial intelligence as being apes or the beauty assessment software that invariably choose white women as the most beautiful the problem is that technology is simply not tested on people who might end up using it because the people designing it don t live in a world where people other than people who look like them exist Technology replicates our biases and it then reinforces them since everyone knows that machines can t be racist Another book you should read on this stuff this time An Unofficial Encyclopedia of Strategy for Fortniters focused on women is called conveniently enough Invisible Women This book at least in part could have been called Invisible Black PeopleBut this isn t just about invisibility it is also about the prejudices of those designing technology being normalised within the technology they develop Myavourite example is The Ausar Auset Nutrition Handbook from aormer Apple employee working on Siri I m going to uote the whole thing As they worked on different English dialects Australian Singaporean and Indian English he asked his boss What about African American English To this his boss responded Well Apple products are Girls Und Panzer, vol. 1 for the premium market This is then immediately contrasted with theact that Apple had just bought Dr Dre s Beats The point is that if Siri isn t taught to recognise African American English then the software itself will define speakers of that dialect as wrong and thereby reinforcing their perception of themselves as being outsiders as not belongingAs an aside and I know the Irish are always comparing themselves to black people and although I know I am about to do exactly that I ve an excuse you see my mother can t use Siri either Having been born in Norn Iron Northern Ireland when she says Hey Siri Siri responds by saying There s no need to be sorry I m not even making that upThere is a lovely part of this where the author says that people who have been born blind are able to identify the racial identity of people around them Now what is so interesting about that is that blind people are literally colour blind I mean literally And yet they can still see skin colour So people who think they are doing others a avour by saying they don t see race really are just ooling themselves There is a great explanation of Shirley cards in photography and how the technologies that allow La Vilaine Lulu facialeatures to be clear in photographs down to *The Chemical Processes Involved And * chemical processes involved and various other settings on ilm and cameras and so on work well when the camera is pointed at a white Filthy Rich Boys (Rich Boys of Burberry Prep, face but not so well if it is pointed at a brown and black one The worst of this is that the industry only took the situation seriously when companies complained that photographic technology was hurting their business because it wasn t able to clearly depict detail in chocolate or wood grain Yeah I think you are supposed to be outraged by thatThe stuff around prisons in the US and around policing and the justice system is similar to the discussion in The New Jim Crow another book I would recommend What is partic. From everyday apps to complex algorithms Ruha Benjamin cuts through tech industry hype to understand how emerging technologies can reinforce White supremacy and deepen social ineuityBenjamin argues that automationar rom being a sinister story of racist programmers scheming on the dark web has the potential to hide speed up and deepen discrimination while appearing neutral and even benevolent when compared to the racism of a previous era Pre.