Resting and in depth account of the war moving past legends like the Light Brigade and Florence Nightingale although he talks about them and instead examines the war through the eyes of the various belligerents in the war The diplomatic and eligious precursors to the war are examined as well as the opening maneuvers and the immediate and future conseuences Battles are described in blow by blow accounts examining maneuvers by each army defensive lines sorties and charges and so on in an in depth look at the battles The logistical considerations or lack thereof are examined The politics and diplomacy behind the war are looked at in depth This is a Complex PTSD really well written account of the war and features good criticism great analysis and an interesting comparison of perspective between the belligerents I had some small concerns about sourcing in a few of the chapters but aside from this this is a great history book and one worth aead for those interested in European history from this era as well as those looking for a good chunky military history book A great If I Have to Tell You One More Time. . . read and easilyecommended to history buffs In this history of the Crimean War by Orlando Figes the fighting does not begin until about a third of the way into the book This is not a weakness however because understanding the events that led to the war is essential for making sense of what followed It was a complex mix of politics economics imperial ambitions and Digital Biology religion in its most arrogant intolerant forms Protestants Roman Catholics multiple minor Catholic sects Russian Orthodox and both moderate and fanatical Muslims were competing often violently for influence and control over the holy sites around Jerusalem Tsar Nicholas I who wasapidly succumbing to hereditary mental instability was convinced by his priests that he was god s chosen agent to expel the Muslims from Europe conuer Constantinople and econsecrate A solid well written general history of the Crimean WarFiges describes the history of the war from all sides and his coverage of the war s origins is particularly strong Although many of the wars after the Napoleonic era seemed like minor affairs Figes stresses that the Crimean War was most definitely not and he ams home the huge amount of casualties among combatants and civilians how primitive the Russian war effort could be and how amateurish the British could be Figes is not terribly sympathetic to Lord RaglanFiges also ably discusses the war s conseuences describing how it disrupted the post Napoleonic Concert of Europe how Sardinia s Clotilda role contributed to France s decision to intervene in Italy and how postwar Russia turned to domesticeform and became even suspicious of western Europe Figes also emphasizes the war s status as the first to be brought about by the pressure of the press and by public opinion Some and better maps would have helped though and Figes coverage of events in the Baltic Anatolia and the Caucasus might strike some as Mokee Joe Recharged (Mokee Joe, relatively sparse Also Figes writes that the Austro Hungarians were in constantetreat in the Balkans they were The military operations take up only about a third of the narrative and Figes doesn t always provide much analysis or explanation here Figes also writes that the war was the first total war but this argument seems underdeveloped He also argues that millet system contributed to the Ottomans decline although the Little Beach Street Bakery: A Novel replacement of the millet system with nationalism seems plausible Elsewhere Figes writes that the war was primarilyeligious but the Incest Tales 5 rhetoric of the time wasn t terribly uniue and it does seem like empire and the Eastern uestion were significant He also argues that public opinion was a major factor in the war s origins which might be true for Britain probably less so in FranceA balanced insightful and engaging history This book beganather slowly for me but I soon became engrossed in Figes narrative of this somewhat forgotten war which claimed so many lives for so little I have always been fascinated by the Crimean War and this book added to my knowledge as the author had access to sources not previously available to other authors It was a war of incompetent leadership missed opportunities outdated military tactics and The Search For Maggie Hare rampant disease Much mystiue and legendegarding the war has grown over the years based solely on the suicidal charge of the Light Brigade a perfect example of the miscommunication and lack of military leadership so prevalent in the Crimea The author gives eual attention to the battles of Inkerman the No, No, Charlie Rascal river Alma and the siege of Sevastopol which were of much importance than the infamous charge Highlyecommended for the lover of military history A
Comprehensive History Of The War With Excellent history of the war with excellent on the aftermath in world politics and national identityon the aftermath of the war The Crimean War
in Russia a long felt sense of esentment against There was a feeling Of Betrayal That The betrayal that the had sided with the Turks against Russia It was the first time in history that a European alliance had fought on the side of a Muslim power against another Christian state in a major war All around the Black Sea im the Crimean War تهران پایتخت دویست ساله-مجموعه مقالات resulted in the uprooting and transmigration of ethnic andeligious groups They crossed in both directions over the Fap for the Mothman religious line separating Russia from the Muslim world But if the Paris treaty made few immediate changes to the European map it marked a crucial watershed for internationalelations and politics effectively ending the old balance of power in which Austria and Russia had controlled the Continent between themselves and forging new alignments that would pave the way for the emergence of nation states in Italy Romania and Germany The Crimean War provides a thorough and engaging explanation of the causes and course of the war It also lays out subseuent events that were precipitated by its peace settlement as well as by unsettled issues and persistent national attitudes Figes s well organized history makes the war seem like the essential pivot point between the Treaty of Vienna after the Napoleonic Wars and the start of WWI I ecommend it very highlyFiges decides the most important causes of the conflict were a Russian eligious fervor to put all Orthodox believers under jurisdiction of Christian nations if possible Russia itself and the western European Russophobia that feared the Bear would persist in the expansionist phase started by Catherine the Great until it Diamonds and Daisies reached India and gobbled up eastern Europe The critical players were Nicholas I of Russia growing increasingly unstable and the British prime minister Palmerston But there were hosts of players on the diplomatic field in the years leading up to hostilities Turcophile Englishmen like Uruart and Canning Emperor Napoleon of France who needed legitimization and was thinking strategically to future movesegarding Italian unification pan Slavic activists in the Balkans Polish exiles etc etc Figes is meticulous in identifying the motives and communications among these groupsThe war itself could probably have been avoided but in Figes s view the กลิ่นกาสะลอง role of the press in forming fervent pro war public opinion made this the first modern war in that sense The British public was bombarded with scare stories about the Russians so that cooler heads in the cabinet were forced into a position they didn t want to be in On the other side Nicholas and his successor Alexander were stubborn throughout It was also a modern war in the need for decision making power to filter down to smaller units the use of steamships and longerange The Kings Nursemaid riflesThe descriptions of the war itself are horrifying The British effort was criminally disorganized The soldiers lived in indescribable conditions particularly during the winter The French did much better and in fact carried on the bulk of the fighting they were primarilyesponsible for the victory such as it was All sent stupefying numbers of men into sure death storming enemy strong points But many many died of diseaseAnd then there were the filthy hospitals and the arrival of Florence Nightingale She was not the only one to save lives there is a nice portrait of a pioneering Russian surgeon Nikolai PirogovBut Figes finest achievement is showing how the war and the peace terms altered the geopolitics of the Outback Survival region In particular there were masselocations of ethnic groups based on Satans Fall religion that affected the Balkans especially France was in the ascendant again after its post Napoleonic second tier position and Britain seputation. Ssia and the West; that it set in motion the conflicts that would dominate the century to comeIn this masterly history Orlando Figes econstructs the first full conflagration of modernity a global industrialized struggle fought with unusual ferocity and incompetence Drawing on untapped Russian and Ottoman as well as European sources Figes vividly depicts the world at war from the palaces of St Petersburg to the holy sites of Jerusalem; from the young Tolstoy eporting in Sevastopol to Tsar Nicolas haunted by. The Crimean War A History by Orlando Figes is a large history of the Crimean War between Russia on one side and France Britain and the Ottoman Empire on the other The war began over eligious scuffling between Catholic and Greek Orthodox pilgrims in Jerusalem then part of the Ottoman Empire The Ottoman s had The Cat Who Walked Across France recently passed policy favourable to Catholic pilgrims at the expense of Orthodox pilgrims in the city witheligious ights and priorities being granted to Catholic churches at the behest of the French government Previously Russia had imposed similar measures on the Ottoman government for their pilgrims and this tit for tat led to a strong esponse by the Russian government An ultimatum was sent and Russian troops sent into the Danubian principalities Wallachia and Moldova which were Romanian states under Ottoman suzerainty France and Britain were both alarmed by this move and sent their backing to the Ottoman government Britain was uite concerned with growing Russian power in the Tokyo Encounter region and was afraid that the balance of power would shift to Russia on the continent France under the newly crowned Emperor Napoleon III needed a strong military showing to gain prestige at home and uell growing unrest within the armyRussia s aims were many First they wished to gain the status of Protector of the Orthodox in the Ottoman Empire in order to encourage an end to anti Christian policies in the Porte and give the Russian s a means to meddle in internal Ottoman affairs The Russians also had pan Slavic intentions and were interested in seeing nation states created in Serbia Bulgaria and Romania all then under Ottoman control Russia s borders with the Ottoman s were also contested in the Caucus mountains and in Bessarabia in RomaniaMoldova Russia did not believe that Britain would join in the hostilities and was also counting on the support of Austria their long time ally Russia had made diplomatic maneuvers in Britain that seemed to suppose an indifferentesponse from the British but in fact Russophobes had become influential in the government and Britain sided strongly with the Ottomans The first maneuvers of the war were in Romania but the pan Slavic elements of the early war disuieted the Austrian government which had Slavic populations in Croatia and Bohemia The Austrian government did not join the Russian war and even mobilized troops to threaten the Russians into a withdrawal from the Danubian principalities At this point in the war the Russians also used their Black Sea fleet to bombard the Turkish coast and destroyed the city of Sinope The Turks encouraged an uprising by Muslim tribes in the Circassian and Caucus egions of Russia and sent men and material in support The other allies France and Britain began to debate plans for attack Sorties into the Baltic to encourage the Swedes to join the war against Russia and toward St Petersburg were ejected as too dangerous Marching a land army into Poland to support a Polish uprising was strongly favoured by the French government but ultimately Scribbleboy rejected as it would have had a hostileeaction in Prussia and Austria both states with their own Polish minorities The Crimea was the ElfQuest region chosen This valuable peninsula allowed Russia to control Black Sea trade and put pressure on the Ottoman government due to its important position in the Black Sea tradingoutes and its transportation capacities to Constantinople If Britain and France could take the Dear Black Boy region from Russia this valuable spot could be shaved off the Russian Empire andeduce its power in the Tote Sprache: Cartoons auf Latein region and weaken it as a whole War aims were grand from the allies who wanted nothing than theemoval of Russian influence from Western Europe Allied troops landed in the Crimea and uickly engaged the Russians in the Battle of Alma in which the allies handed the Russian s their first defeat However allied mismanagement of the war would become clear soon after The allies then settled in for the Siege of Sevastopol which would last many months and lead to thousands upon thousands of allied and Russian deaths These deaths were the esult of tragic mismanagement of logistics and supplies most notably from the British Greatcoats were not supplied to troops in the winter tents were not weather proof food was scarce and of poor uality and hospital ships were incompetently euipped to the point of malicious neglect The British public learned of these tidings through the press and both mobilized in support of the troops and brought
Reinforced In Russia A Long Felt Sense Of Resentment Against
down the British government in support of a ational approach to the war British performance in the the British government in support of a The Professional Victims Handbook rational approach to the war British performance in the War was notably lacking and the shortcomings encouraged a modernization of the army toward WWI France suffered from shortcomings as well but the French army was much better euipped during the war The French pavedoads from the landing sight to the French camps around Sevastopol and the French army was well supplied with winter gear food and luxuries French ifles were also far superior to Russian arms during the war and could outpace the Russian s by hundreds of meters The French like the Russians and British fell short in warfare The Crimean War saw the eclipse of cavalry as a valuable fighting unit with notable massacres of British and French cavalry units a commonality in early skirmishes Siege works trenches and artillery as well as infantry bayonet charges against fortified trench lines was the common maneuver during the war leading to high casualties on both sides These maneuvers were the per cursors of trench warfare in the early twentieth century Russia s military was far behind in terms of military technology in the 1850 s It had peaked during the defeat of Napoleon in 1812 and had done little to improve since then Russian ifles were horribly incompetent during the war and a similar incompetency beset the Russian high command as that of the allies Russian casualties were massive during the war as generals changed plans mid maneuver battalion commanders ignored orders and Russian troops struggled to survive with little supplies Russia made up for this in its sophisticated defensive engineering at Sevastopol which kept the allies at bay for many months and ground their armies to a halt Russian field pieces and artillery were also up to standard during the war and performed well against the allies giving as good as they got during bombardments The fall of Sevastopol marked the end of the war as Russia diplomatically isolated and humiliated by its loss as well as In the Blink of an Eye recently facing the death of Tsar Nicholas I was willing to seek peace The French were also craving an end to hostilities Popular opinion in France for the war was stagnant to hostile andumors of coup attempts began to alarm Emperor Napoleon French Las alas de la mariposa rapprochement with Russia was swift and their mutual hostility with Austria began to transcend even the war itself Peace came in Paris with Russia ceding a chunk of Bessarabia to the Ottomans the Black Sea domination by Russian fleets coming to and end and a mutual guarantee of theights of Christians in the Ottoman Empire signed by all parties at the table Russia lost some territory and its valuable hold over the Ottoman Empire However Russia was able to gain back all it had lost and within about 20 years of the wars conclusion Unrest and Whence the Black Irish of Jamaica? reprisal between Christian and Muslim communities in the Ottoman Empire led to the collapse of good will to the Porte by Western powers and allowed Russia to orchestrate the independence of Bulgaria Serbia Montenegro and Romania from the Ottomans with a subseuenteturn of Bessarabian territories lost in the war The growing power of PrussiaGermany and its defeat of Austria and France in land wars gave way to an agreement between Austria Germany and Russia Rich Men, Single Women renouncing the Black Sea clauses in the peace treaty Russia also stepped up its game in the Caucus defeatingebels in the egion and pushing back British influence in Persia Even so the dominance of Russia in European affairs had ended The Concert of Europe alliance between Austria and Russia was broken and never epaired French and British interests would emain between Austria and Russia was broken and never epaired French and British interests would emain and Russia would ultimately lose the game in the Ottoman Empire to the two Western powers interests Russia held some sway in the Balkan s but these fractious states would drag Russia into many dangerous wars leading ultimately to the collapse of the Russian Empire after WWI The Crimean War had minor territorial conseuences but massive conseuences for the peace and stability of EuropeFiges has written an inte. From the great storyteller of modern Russian historians Financial Times the definitive account of the forgotten war that shaped the modern ageThe Charge of the Light Brigade Florence Nightingale these are the enduring icons of the Crimean War Less well known is that this savage war 1853 1856 killed almost a million soldiers and countless civilians; that it enmeshed four great empires the British French Turkish and Russian in a battle over eligion as well as territory; that it fixed the fault lines between Ru. .
Suffered Russia felt abused by the western powers and took Sebastopol as the epitome of the absolute dedication of citizen to country willing to die for Russia whether in 1812 1857 or eventually in the siege of LeningradMy eading notes The Charge of the Light Brigade was caused by garbled instructions and personal dislike among the officers but it actually helped turned the tide of the battle I had thought it was futile None of the combatants could justify the war with the Biblical Standard for Evangelists realeason they were fighting they all needed cover stories Early on Turkish soldiers arrived to help the allies but the allies ordered them forward without provisions or Until Again rest and what provisions they got were not halal so they could not eat They carried out aeasonable Jesus Calling retreat were berated and treated terribly for theest of the war How often both the Russians and the allies lost a chance to end the war by failing to pursue an enemy in Ebeles Favourite retreatAgain an extremely useful book I am not a historian so I have no way to judge how balanced a picture Figes paints but in comparison to Paul Johnson s The Birth of the Modern which I m alsoeading and which has a blatant conservative slant this seems even This book is very well written an immense amount of material is just where it ought to be There are useful maps and fascinating plates that eflect the first war with photographic evidence war correspondents and fairly apid communication from front to capitols A complete book on the Crimean War that starts from far behind to eveal all its causes and continues to provide a wealth of information on every aspect of this conflict Interestingly the author does this in a way that makes the book part of the serious historiography but also completely accessible to the general public It is certainly ideal for those who know little about this subject with most of them coming from historical myths they will learn much and will leave these myths behind Excellent This is actually three books The first one up to p 140 or so is about the origins of the Crimean war At the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem Catholic and Orthodox Christians would fight each other to the death for the ight to say be the first to celebrate the Easter Mass Disingenuously Nicholas I of Russia used a concern for the Orthodox living under Turkish Beading on a Loom rule as an opportunity for imperialist expansion Heeally wanted to partition Turkey Russophobic Britain was having none of it They believed not without Nights of the Round Table reason that Russia wanted India This pushed them into an alliance with France to challenge Russia when it occupied the Danubian Principalities Ottoman territoryThe second book is an account of the conflict itself which was brutal and marked by an appalling lack of planning and leadership on all but the French side For the British it devolves to the point of travesty The incompetence of British officers leaves one astonished gaping For example no provision was made for the Crimea s harsh winter because British leaders thought it would be a short campaign When the harsh weather came the ensuing tragedy had to make headlines in London before asses were gotten in gear and the appropriate supplies made available By then of course it was too late for the first winter The tommies in their made for summer tents soaked through for months at a time died in their thousandsThe third and final book is on the aftermath of the war How it affected the principal combatants France Britain Russia Turkey economically and politically Russia s humiliating loss became a significant factor in her decision to free the serfs One can t after all fight with an army of slaves there s a certain problem of motivation Tolstoy was at the Siege of Sevastopol and his comments taken from Sevastopal Sketches as well as his letters deepen the book in surprising ways The first great battle fought in the fog at Balaclava is a breathtakingead What I liked most was the way the book served as a linking narrative for me to many events I had already Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval read about from Napoleon s Retreat from Moscow in 1812 through World War II Written in simple declarative prose there is little or no use of tedious novelistic devices I warmlyecommend The Crimean War Now if you would be so kind please sign the Charter for Compassion at Peace bar It s Good Friday April 10 1846 Jerusalem is packed with pilgrims on an Easter weekend that happened to fall on the same date in both the Latin and Orthodox calendars The mood is tense The two When Miss Gangster Meets Her Match religious communities had been arguing over who has theight to be first to carry out the Aliens Among Us rituals at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre one of the holiest places in Christendom standing on the spot where Jesus is said to have been crucifiedThat Friday was to be anything but good The Catholics arrived only to find that the Greeks were there first A fight broke out priest against priest soon to be joined by monks and pilgrims from theespective camps People fought not just with fists but anything they could get a hold of crucifixes candlesticks chalices lamps and incense burners Wood was torn from the sacred shrines and used as clubs Knives and pistols were smuggled into the church By the time the Mehemet Pasha the Ottoman governor of Jerusalem had True Paradise restored order forty people lay deadThis dreadful incident all in the name of a shared belief marks the departure for Orlando Figes Crimea the Last Crusade the first full account of the Crimean War that I haveead I know Figes well one of the best specialists on Russian history in the English speaking world the author of the superlative A People s
Tragedy The Russian Revolution 1891the Russian Revolution 1891 Although his history of the Crimean War lacks the ange and power of the latter book he has done a tremendous service placing the conflict firmly within the context of the Eastern uestion the issues arising from the continuing decline of the Ottoman Empire and European power politics as a wholeI m not completely convinced by his crusading hook I have to say Yes the war did begin with a conflict over who had the best claim to protect the holy places within the Turkish empire the Catholic French or the Orthodox Russians and again yes Tsar Nicholas I was strong in his conviction that he was a defender of the true faith a defender of the Orthodox faithful in all the Turkish lands But almost immediately when the fighting started the eligious issue was obscured by general issues arising from European geopolitics Besides a war which involved Turkish Muslims British Protestants and French Catholics on one side against Orthodox Russians on the other does not look much like a crusade The Tsar may have begun with crusading thoughts but before his death in March 1855 he was preoccupied by the decline in Russian powerFiges greatest service has been to Croatie : Cte Adriatique, Dalmatie rescue the conflict from fragmentation and partiality the preserve at best of amateur military historians interested in the clash of arms than theeason for the clash of arms The war may have been tragic and unnecessary but it still marks and important stage in the development of European politics and diplomacy It marks the end of the Concert of Europe the arrangement between the powers to police the settlement of 1815 emerging from the N To look into given the ecent
DevelopmentsOrlando Figes Is AFiges is a disgraced author however I would still like a flick through this May 2014 President Putin s visit to Crimea was welcomed there but criticised by Washington BBC news I strongly ecommend this book to anyone who has any interest in current conflict in UkraineCrimea who wants to understand historical geopolitical and political oots of idiotic modern strife between Russia and the West and who at the same time is sick of media taking sides and in fact enkindling the conflict by that The book itself only covers that old XIX century war between Russia and Allies GB France and Turkey of course but it eflects current events so much it is even scary O Figes being an English professor manages to Από τη Μήδεια στη Σταχτοπούτα, Η ιστορία του φαλλού remain almost neutral at least he finds where Allies and Russia and Turkey went wrong and which stupidity and inability to understand one another have lead to war at those times When Crimean War itself breaks out Figes is starting to struggle with keeping this neutrality with Russian soldiers always being wild and cowardly and Allied soldiers always being brave but that s a forgivable setback In the end the books is a thriller it is so vividly shown in it how all this war shit builds itself from nothing I m liking it a lot haven t finished yet. Dreams ofeligious salvation; from the ordinary soldiers and nurses on the battlefields to the women and children in towns under siegeOriginal magisterial alive with voices of the time The Crimean War is a historical tour de force whose depiction of ethnic cleansing and the West's This Poison Will Remain relations with the Muslim worldesonates with contemporary overtones At once a What Red Was rigorous original study and a sweeping panoramic narrative The Crimean War is the definitive account of the war that mapped the terrain for today's wor.